- LEAI-10 CW NMR-Complete
- LEAI-11A CW NMR - Advanced
- LEAI-13 Apparatus of Pulsed NMR
- LEAI-15 Microwave EPR
- LEAI-16 Microwave FMR
- LEAI-19 Optical Pumping Apparatus
- LEAI-20 Zeeman-Permanent Magnet
- LEAI-21 Zeeman-Electromagnet
- LEAI-22 Faraday and Zeeman Effects
- LEAI-26 Zeeman-Electromagnet
- LEAI-30 Franck-Hertz-Basic
- LEAI-31 Franck-Hertz-Complete
- LEAI-32 Franck-Hertz-Advanced
- LEAI-35 Ramsauer-Townsen Effect
- LEAI-40 Millikan Oil Drop-Basic
- LEAI-42 Millikan Oil Drop-Advanced
- LEAI-45 Charge/Mass Ratio-Basic
- LEAI-47 Charge/Mass Ratio-Advanced
- LEAI-48 Lorentz Force Demo
- LEAI-50 Planck's Constant-Basic
- LEAI-52 Planck's Constant-Advanced
- LEAI-65 Microwave & Waveguide
- LEAI-70A Measure Curie Temperature
- LEAI-71 Curie Temp. & Hysteresis Loop
- LEAI-73 Superconductor Critical Temp.
- LEAI-75 Magnetoresistance Effect
- LEAI-90 Ultrasound $ Applications

Note: liquid Nitrogen not provided

Features

Easy to use with compact structure

Ample experimental examples

Stable performance

Introduction

In 1912, German physicist C. Ramsauer discovered the collision cross section of an electron with gas atoms is related to the speed of the electron. When the electron energy is relatively high, the scattering section of an Argon atom increases with a decrease in electron energy. But when the electron energy is less than a dozen eV, the scattering section decreases rapidly with a decrease in electron energy. In 1922, British physicist J. Townsend found a similar phenomenon. In classical theory, scattering section is independent of the speed of an electron, while Ramsauer and Townsend's experimental results indicate an opposite theory, which can only be explained by quantum mechanics.

This Ramsauer-Townsen effect experimental apparatus can measure IS-VA and IP-VA curves, and determine the relationship between scattering probability and electron speed. The instruction manual contains comprehensive materials including experimental configurations, principles and step-by-step instructions. Please click **Experiment Theory**** and** **Contents** to find more information about this apparatus.

Using this apparatus, the following experiments can be completed:

1. Understand the collision rule of electrons with atoms and learn how to measure atomic scattering cross section.

2. Measure scattering probability versus speed of low-energy electrons collided with gas atoms.

3. Calculate the effective elastic scattering cross section of gas atoms.

4. Determine the electron energy of the minimum scattering probability or scattering cross section.

5. Verify the Ramsauer-Townsend effect, and explain it with the theory of quantum mechanics.

Specifications

Description | Specifications | |

Voltage supplies | filament voltage | 0 ~ 5 V adjustable |

accelerating voltage | 0 ~ 15 V adjustable | |

compensating voltage | 0 ~ 5 V adjustable | |

Micro current meters | transmissive current | 3 scales: 2 μA, 20 μA, 200 μA, 3-1/2 digits |

scattering current | 4 scales: 20 μA, 200 μA, 2 mA, 20 mA, 3-1/2 digits | |

Electron collision tube | Xe gas | |

AC oscilloscope observation | effective value of acceleration voltage: 0 V－10 V adjustable |

Parts List

Description | Qty |

Power supply | 1 |

Measurement unit | 1 |

Electron collision tube | 2 |

Base and stand | 1 |

Vacuum flask | 1 |

Cable | 14 |

Instructional manual | 1 |

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