Clear physical phenomena
Stable and reliable
Collision between objects is a common phenomenon in nature. Conservation of energy and momentum are important concepts in mechanics. This experiment of collision and projectile motion studies the collision of two balls, as well as the swing motion of the ball before collision and the projectile motion of the other ball after collision, and uses the learned laws of mechanics to solve the actual problem of projectile.
If the final hit position of the collided ball is designated on the ground, the height of the swing ball can be calculated theoretically. From the difference of hit positions between the theoretical calculation and the experimental result, the energy loss of the collision can be calculated, and by correcting the height of the swing ball, the final hit point can be accurately targeted to the designated position. This experimental apparatus has the following features:
1) The rail is made from aluminum alloy with high strength; the scales on both the rail and the slider are on the same plane to eliminate parallax errors.
2) The ball supporting rod has a conical flat top with weak magnetism. The ball can be stably positioned in the center of the flat top and the frictional resistance after collision can be reduced due to the small contact area.
3) Well position control and adjustment of components ensure repeatable experimental results.
The instruction manual contains experimental configurations, principles, step-by-step instructions, and examples of experiment results. Please click Experimental Contents to find more information about this apparatus.
Main Parts and Specifications
|Scaled post||Scale marked range: 0 ~ 20 cm, with electromagnet|
|Swing ball||Steel, diameter: 20 mm|
|Collided ball||Diameter: 20 mm and 18 mm, respectively|
|Guide rail||Length: 35 cm|
|Ball support post rod||Diameter: 4 mm|
|Swing support post||Length: 45 cm, with height adjustable swing ball hanger|
|Target tray||Length: 30 cm; width: 12 cm|
|Guide rail||1 (with 2 leveling screws)|
|Slider 1||1 (for holding scaled post)|
|Slider 2||1 (for holding scaled post)|
|Swing ball hanger assembly||1 (with lock screw, height adjust screw, swing string & swing ball)|
|Electromagnet||1 (with armature, mark plate, switch box)|
|Collided ball||2 (diameter: 20 mm and 18 mm, respectively)|
|Carbon (graphite) paper||1 set|
|DC power supply||1 (DC 6V)|
|Instruction manual||1 (PDF)|