High measurement accuracy
Stable and reliable experimental results
Suitable for both general & advanced physics labs
The phenomenon of light wave diffracted by ultrasonic in a medium is called ultrasonic induced photo-diffraction (also known as the acousto-optic effect), which is the result of the interaction between light wave and sound wave in the medium. The ultrasonic wave modulates the density of the medium, so that the originally uniform refractive index of the medium becomes periodical changes, i.e. an "ultrasonic grating". When a light beam passes through, it will produce diffraction phenomenon, which can be used to accurately measure the speed of sound waves in the medium.
With the development of laser technology and ultrasonic technology, the acousto-optic effect has been widely used, such as acousto-optic modulators and deflectors are fabricated and used to control the frequency, intensity and direction of the laser beam quickly and effectively. It has very important applications in laser technology, optical signal processing and integrated communication technology.
The LEOI-33C, experimental apparatus of ultrasonic grating, is constructed by placing individual components on an optical rail. Liquid is used as the ultrasonic medium. It allows students to adjust each component independently, and thus strengthens their hands-on ability. Furthermore, this apparatus uses an etched slit to replace a mechanical slit, the observed diffraction pattern is brighter and more accurate. The apparatus has high measurement accuracy, stable and reliable experimental results, and is suitable for both general and advanced physics labs in colleges and universities.
1. Understand the experimental principle of the acousto-optic effect.
2. Learn to measure the speed of sound in a liquid using the acousto-optic effect.
3. Learn the skills of optical path alignment.
The instruction manual contains experimental configurations, principles, step-by-step instructions, and examples of experiment results. Please click Experiment Theory and Contents to find more information about this apparatus.
|Ultrasonic signal source||resonance frequency about 10.000 MHz, resolution 0.001 MHz|
|Etched slit||width 0.04 mm, length 6 mm|
|Lens||focal length 157 mm, effective aperture 28 mm|
|Ultrasonic cell||dimensions L 80 mm × W 40 mm × H 59 mm|
|Microscope eyepiece||measurement range 0 - 8 mm, resolution 0.01 mm|
|Optical rail||length 650 mm, scale 1 mm|
|Main electric unit||1|
|Low pressure sodium lamp||1|
|Rotary slit disk||1|
|Measurement eyepiece with mount||1|
|Support of ultrasonic cell||1|